Punarnava cultural Centre

Punarnava cultural centre Munnar

Punarnava cultural centre Munnar cordially invites you to witness one of the greatest art forms of Kerala Kathakali, and Kalarippayattu


DAILY SHOW TIME:   5pm to 6pm

Kathakali is a combination of two Malayalam words, “Katha” which means story and “kali” which means play.  It is a story acted out and contains mime, drama, music, acting etc.  The stories are mainly taken from Hindu mithology and Puranas.


Kathakali is developed mainly from one of the oldest classic dance form of Kerala known as “Ramanattam” which was conducted only in royal palaces.  The decline of royal society also caused the ending of this great art form.

In 1930, one of the greatest poet of Kerala Mahakavi Vallathol Narayana Menon, worked hard to popularized Kathakali.  He established an institution named Kerala Kalamandalam in Cheruthuruthi on the bank of the river Nila (Bharathappuzha) in Trissivaperur (Thrissur), here all the accompanying item of Kadhakali, like drums (Chenda), singing, acting, and make up are taught.  The students study for 8 to 10 years, they have to strain physically and mentally to become a Kadhakali artist.  In Kathakali, the make up is very important.  To get a character ready for the stage, it takes a minimum of 2 hours.Punarnava cultural centre Munnar

Kathakali has its origins almost 1500 years ago in the early ritual folk dances and dance drams of Kerala, in southern India, such us the dances associated  with the cult of Bhagavathy (thiyyattom ,Mudiyettu,and theyyam),that were performed at  religious festivals by caters wearing elaborate masks, colourful  costumes and headdresses, and  intricately painted faces;[1]and socio-religious and material dances such as the Sastrakali and ezamattukali.Ashapathiyattom, a dance drama based on the Geetha Govinda of the twelfth century poet Jayaveda ,told the story of Krishna embodied as a humble cow head ,his consort Rada ,and three cow girls.Punarnava cultural centre Munnar In1655, Manavedan ,Sri Samudri Maharaja of Kozhikode,wrote Krishnagit,a dance drama to be performed as Krishnattom (Krishnan; attom  (enactment)on eight consecutive nights, incorporating elements of Ashtapadiyattom and Koodiyattam, another form of Sanskrit ritual dance drama.


When the show begins, there is demonstration that explains about the various movements of body, face, hands, legs etc. to give the audience an idea of what is involved in Kadhakali the actaual play follows and is performed by trained artists.


Masters of Kalaripayattu, called Guruckal, teach their craft inside a special arena called Kalary.  The kalari is a part gymnasium, part school and part temple.  Its constructions follows traditional principles: its rectangular design is always aligned East West and Hindu deities are represented in each corner.ka

Traning being at a very young age for both boys and girls.  The regime involves ritual stretching and flexing to archive construction and balance.  Body massage increases the suppleness of limps.  As the training develops, various weapons are introducing including the sword and shield of the Medival Warrior.

A traditional system of medical treatment has evolved in partnership with this training.  Based on Ayurvedic principles, the treatment is for the bone and soft tissue injuries resulting from the practice of Kalaripayattu.Punarnava cultural centre Munnar

Early written evidence of martial arts in Southern India dates back to the Sangam Literature of about the 3rd century BC to 2nd century AD .The Akananuru and Purananuru describe the use of spears,swords,shields,bows and silambam in the Sang am era. The word kalari appears in the puram (verses225,237,245,356)and Akam (verses 34, 231,293) to describe both a battlefield and combat arena. The word kalari payatt denoted a martial feat, whilekalari kozhai meant a coward  in war .[2]Each warrior in the sangam ere received regular military training [5] in target practice, horse and elephant riding. Punarnava cultural centre MunnarThey specialised in one or more of the important weapons of the period including the spear (vel), sword(val) ,shield(kedaham), and bow and arrow (vil ambu).The combat techniques of the sangam period were earliest precursors to kalaripayat .[6]References to “Silappadikkaram” in Sangam literature date back to the 2nd century.

Punarnava cultural centre Munnar offer full time and short time courses for traditional arts

  1. Kadhakali Dance and Make up
  2. Instruments : Drums (Chenda), Madhalam. Mruthangam
  3. Kalaripayattu (Martial arts)


Punarnava cultural centre Munnar

Chinnakanal (Near Club Mahindra Hotel)

Ph. 04868 249033, 9447585216, 9447260561

E.mail punarnavamunnar@yahoo.com

web www.punarnavamunnar.com

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